- WHAT IS S.T.D. OR S.T.I? STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Disease. Doctors also use STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) in place of STD in the same context. As the name suggests, these diseases transmit into human body through a sexual act between two or more people. The chances become high if any of the person involved in sexual act is already suffering from any sexual disease.
- WHAT IS HIV? HIV, short form of "Human Immunodeficiency Virus" is an infectious virus which kills the white blood cells and makes the body's immune system weak. In such a condition, other diseases attack the body and it fails to fight back the infections. If the treatment for HIV is not initiated and continued, the person slowly moves on to the next stage - AIDS - that eventually results in death.
- WHAT IS AIDS? AIDS is the short form of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, caused by HIV. Our immune system consists of some 'good' white blood cells called T-Lymphocyte ("T-Cells"), that protects our body from infections and diseases. They continue to do so until one day our body loses a battle with one virus called HIV. Eventually, this virus turns into the dreadful disease called AIDS.
Up to 9 in 10 people who acquire HIV will have some symptoms soon after infection. This is known as SEROCONVERSION ILLNESS. It includes:
- Severe Headache
- Feeling Sick
- Body Aches and Pains
- Mouth Ulcers
- Sore Throat
- Night Sweats
- Weight Loss
- Swollen Lymph Nodes and
- Bleeding Gums.
Not everyone has these symptoms and they're easily mistaken for flu or other common illnesses. If it's not treated, HIV will eventually damage a person's immune system until they start to develop serious illnesses or infections.
- Dhirendra Banker, New Delhi I SHALL EVER REMAIN THANKFUL TO YOU! In that heat of the moment, we went ahead and had sex. Unprotected. After a week, I noticed few rashes on my thighs. Got really worried. I was sure I have got in touch with HIV!! While doing my 'research' on google, I found lot many confusing answers to my problem until I came across this website and got my answers after a detailed discussion with their doctors. I shall ever remain thankful to them for guiding me properly and clearing all my doubts. And, well, those rashes were just rashes which went away in a couple of days.
HOW CAN HIV INFECTION HAPPEN?
- Unprotected penetrative physical relation
- Mother to child through breastfeeding or child birth. It can happen during pregnancy as well
- Injecting drug usage with shared needles having infected blood
- Blood donations involving infected blood or organ transplants
- Infection from a patient to a healthcare worker
HOW HIV WILL NOT HAPPEN?
- From someone who is HIV negative
- Touching HIV positive person
- If you come in contact with HIV positive person's sweat, tears, urine
- From touching, hugging or shaking hands with HIV positive person
- Mutual masturbation, fingering and hand-jobs
- Using sex toys which are covered with a new condom each time you switch it with another person
- Mosquito bite
- Through air, when an HIV positive person coughs or sneezes or even spits in air.
- New or sterilized needles used for medical reason or tattooing
- Sharing swimming pools or bath tubs, showers or drinking water
- If an HIV positive person shares toilet seats, tables, door handles, cutlery, towels etc. with you.
- Through musical instruments
- With mild kissing, HIV never transfers. However, if you have bleeding gums, sores or cuts inside mouth and exchange of blood happens, HIV can happen.
South delhiDr Monga Medi Clinic
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